简介

没啥好说的,这个东西做iOS的都认识。

前段时间,把自已的一些库给弄出来,做一个私有库,记下来当作笔记。

正文

先看看下面这个图
image

SpecsRepo 是什么

它是一个索引库,里面在包含了很多个库的索引(有很多的podspec)文件。
打开mac笔记本就可以看到 ~/.cocoapods/repos/master就是官方库的一个索引。里面的文件夹结构如下面

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.
├── Specs
└── [SPEC_NAME]
└── [VERSION]
└── [SPEC_NAME].podspec

所以创建一个像上面的库就行了。
然后在运行下面命令

$ pod repo add artsy-specs git@github:artsy/Specs.git

此时如果成功的话进入到~/.cocoapods/repos目录下就可以看到artsy-specs这个目录了。至此第一步创建私有Spec Repo完成。

创建项目的podspec文件

把上面的那个的索引库(SepcReop) 建好了,那为您的仓库建一个podSepc文件。
最后把podSepc文件复制到SepcRepo这个库里面,那整个私有库就完成了。

1、创建一个podspec文件

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pod spec create your_pod_spec_name

2、编辑库的信息

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#
# Be sure to run `pod spec lint IRKit.podspec' to ensure this is a
# valid spec and to remove all comments including this before submitting the spec.
#
# To learn more about Podspec attributes see http://docs.cocoapods.org/specification.html
# To see working Podspecs in the CocoaPods repo see https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs/
#
Pod::Spec.new do |s|
# ――― Spec Metadata ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# These will help people to find your library, and whilst it
# can feel like a chore to fill in it's definitely to your advantage. The
# summary should be tweet-length, and the description more in depth.
#
s.name = "项目名字"
s.version = "0.0.1"
s.summary = "描述"
# This description is used to generate tags and improve search results.
# * Think: What does it do? Why did you write it? What is the focus?
# * Try to keep it short, snappy and to the point.
# * Write the description between the DESC delimiters below.
# * Finally, don't worry about the indent, CocoaPods strips it!
# s.description = <<-DESC DESC
s.homepage = "主页"
# s.screenshots = "www.example.com/screenshots_1.gif", "www.example.com/screenshots_2.gif"
# ――― Spec License ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Licensing your code is important. See http://choosealicense.com for more info.
# CocoaPods will detect a license file if there is a named LICENSE*
# Popular ones are 'MIT', 'BSD' and 'Apache License, Version 2.0'.
#
s.license = "MIT"
# s.license = { :type => "MIT", :file => "FILE_LICENSE" }
# ――― Author Metadata ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Specify the authors of the library, with email addresses. Email addresses
# of the authors are extracted from the SCM log. E.g. $ git log. CocoaPods also
# accepts just a name if you'd rather not provide an email address.
#
# Specify a social_media_url where others can refer to, for example a twitter
# profile URL.
#
s.author = { "cjz" => "cjz@xxxx.com" }
# Or just: s.author = "xxx"
# ――― Platform Specifics ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# If this Pod runs only on iOS or OS X, then specify the platform and
# the deployment target. You can optionally include the target after the platform.
#
# s.platform = :ios, "5.0"
# When using multiple platforms
# s.ios.deployment_target = "5.0"
# s.osx.deployment_target = "10.7"
# s.watchos.deployment_target = "2.0"
# s.tvos.deployment_target = "9.0"
# ――― Source Location ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Specify the location from where the source should be retrieved.
# Supports git, hg, bzr, svn and HTTP.
#
s.source = { :git => "http://xxxx/xxxx.git", :tag => "0.0.1" }
# ――― Source Code ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# CocoaPods is smart about how it includes source code. For source files
# giving a folder will include any swift, h, m, mm, c & cpp files.
# For header files it will include any header in the folder.
# Not including the public_header_files will make all headers public.
#
s.source_files = "xxx", "xxx/**/*.{h,m}"
#s.exclude_files = "Classes/Exclude"
# s.public_header_files = "xxx/**/*.h"
# ――― Resources ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# A list of resources included with the Pod. These are copied into the
# target bundle with a build phase script. Anything else will be cleaned.
# You can preserve files from being cleaned, please don't preserve
# non-essential files like tests, examples and documentation.
#
# s.resource = "icon.png"
# s.resources = "Resources/*.png"
# s.preserve_paths = "FilesToSave", "MoreFilesToSave"
# ――― Project Linking ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Link your library with frameworks, or libraries. Libraries do not include
# the lib prefix of their name.
#
# s.framework = "SomeFramework"
s.frameworks = "UIKit", "Foundation"
# s.library = "iconv"
# s.libraries = "iconv", "xml2"
# ――― Project Settings ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# If your library depends on compiler flags you can set them in the xcconfig hash
# where they will only apply to your library. If you depend on other Podspecs
# you can include multiple dependencies to ensure it works.
s.requires_arc = true
# s.xcconfig = { "HEADER_SEARCH_PATHS" => "$(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2" }
# s.dependency "JSONKit", "~> 1.4"
end

还是很简单的,按照上面的提示填完整上面的信息。

3、验证

可以在目录下使用下面的命令验证你的podspec文件是否正确,后面的--allow-warnings是允许警告的存在,你也可以去掉。

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pod lib lint --allow-warnings

4、 本地测试

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pod 'Alamofire', :path => '~/Documents/Alamofire'

如果podspec文件在库的根目录下,还可以

master分支

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pod 'Alamofire', :git => 'https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire.git'

指定分支

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pod 'Alamofire', :git => 'https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire.git', :branch => 'dev'

指定tag

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pod 'Alamofire', :git => 'https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire.git', :tag => '3.1.1'

指定commint

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pod 'Alamofire', :git => 'https://github.com/Alamofire/Alamofire.git', :commit => '0f506b1c45'

5、发布

只需要下面一句命令就会把你的库发布到私有的Spec中

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$ pod repo push REPO_NAME SPEC_NAME.podspec

使用

在你的Podfile文件中添加下面命令导入私有的Specs库.

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source 'https://github.com/artsy/Specs.git'

参考文章:

官方教程
Cocoapods使用:为自己的库创建Pod
学习使用CocoaPods后涨的姿势